International Journal of Natural Products and Marine Biology
Year Of Started:      2015 Published By:   SBT JOURNALS
Frequency:   Quarterly ISSN:                2455-2755

Phytochemical And Phar-macological Properties Of Caesalpinia Pulcherrima (Caesalpiniaceae): A Review

Manoj Ramesh Kumbhare and T. Sivakumar

Over Caesalpinia pulcherrima (CP) is also known as peacock flower is the type of genus fabaceae sub family Caesalpiniaceae. CP is believed to be native to the West Indies, India, Srilanka China and tropical America. The juice from the leaves is said to cure fever, the juice from the flower is said to cure sores, and the seeds are said to cure bad cough, breathing difficulty, and chest pain. Four grams from the root is also said to induce abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy. The flowers, leaves-sap, and other parts are used to treat swelling, earache, muscular and rheumatic pain and various cardiovascular diseases. Various constituents like cassane diterpenoids, and flavonoids has been isolated from the plant. Decoction of the plant is used to treat various infections. The plant is rich in many pharmaceutical active ingredients like flavonoids, carotinoids, glycosides, phenols and steroids. Earlier works reported the isolation of diterpenoids, peltogyno-ids and flavonoids in this plant.

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